брой 4(11), 2002
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КАКВО ОЗНАЧАВАТ...
303 най-популярни чуждестранни абревиатури*?
3COM COMputer, COMmunication, COMpatibility
3M Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing
4-H Head, Heart, Hands, and Health
A&P The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company
AA Alcoholics Anonymous
AAA American Automobile Association
AARP American Association of Retired Persons
ABC American Broadcasting Company
ABR Available Bit Rate
ADP Automated Data Processing
AFL-CIO American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations
AGP Accelerated Graphics Port
AI Artificial Intelligence
AKA Also Known As
ALGOL ALGOrithmic Language
AMD Advanced Micro Device
AM/FM Amplitude Modulation/Frequency Modulation
AMOCO AMerican Oil COmpany
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ASAP As Soon As Possible
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
AT Advanced Technology
AT&T American Telephone and Telegraph
ATF Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATM Automated Teller Machine
ATP Adenine Triphosphate
AWOL Absent Without Leave
BASF Baden Aniline and Soda Factory
BASIC Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BB Ball-Bearing
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BFD Big F**king Deal
BIOS Basic Input/Output System
BLT Bacon, Lettuce, Tomato
BMW Bavarian Motor Works (на немски език: Bayrische Motor Werken)
BPOE Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks
BVD Bradley, Voorhies, and Day
BYOB Bring Your Own Beer
CAD Computer-Aided Design
CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
CAT Computerized Axial Tomography
CATV CAbel TeleVision
CB Citizen's Band
CBR Constant Bit Rate
CBS Columbia Broadcasting System
CCD Charge-Coupled Device
CD Compact Disc
CD-I Compact Disc - Interactive
CD-R Compact Disc - Recordable
CD-ROM Compact Disc - Read-Only Memory
CD-RW Compact Disc - ReWritable
CEO Chief Executive Office
CGI Common Gateway Interface
CGM Computer Graphic Metafile
CIO Chairman-in-Office
CMY Cyan+Magenta+Yellow
CMYK Cyan+Magenta+Yellow+blacK
CNN Cable News Network
COBOL COmmon Business-Oriented Language
CONELRAD CONtrol of Electronic-magnetic RADiations
CONUS Continental United States
CPR CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
CPSU Communist Party of the Soviet Union
CPU Central Processing Unit
CSS Cascading Style Sheets
CVS Consumer Value Service
DAT Digital Audio Tape
DB DataBase
DDT Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
DECT Digital European Cordless Telecommunications
DEW Distant Early Warning
DMA Direct Memory Access
DNA DeoxyriboNucleic Acid
DNA Digital Network Architecture
DNS Domain Name System
DOA Dead On Arrival
DOS Disk Operating System
dpi (d.p.i.) Dots Per Inch
DTP DeskTop Publishing
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DVD Digital Versatile Disc
EAN European Article Numering
EC European Community
EDP Electronic Data Processing
EMU Extravehicular Mobility Unit (Space Suit)
EPCOT Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow
ER Emergency Room
ESA European Space Agency
ESPN Entertainment and Sports Programming Network
ESSO S.O. from Standard Oil, the Rockefeller-owned oil company
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
EU European Union
Fannie Mae (from FNMA) Federal National Mortgage Association
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FDD Floppy Disk Drive
FDIC Federal Depositors Insurance Company
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FICA Federal Insurance Contributions Act
Flak FLiegerAbwehrKanonen (Lit. aircraft defense gun.)
FM Frequency Modulation
FORTRAN FORmula TRANslation
FSU Former Soviet Union
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FUBAR "Fouled" Up Beyond All Recognition
GAF General Aniline and Film
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GE General Electric
Gestapo GEheime STAatsPOlizei (Lit. secret state police.)
GIF Graphics Interchange Format
GIGO Garbage In, Garbage Out
GM General Motors
GORP Good Old Raisin Peanut (A camping food.)
GPS Global Positioning System
GSM Global System for Mobile telecommunications
GUI Graphical User Interface
HBO Home Box Office
HDD Hard Disk Drive
HDL/LDL High-Density Lipoprotein/Low-Density Lipoprotein
HDPE High Density Polyethylene
HDTV High Definition TeleVision
HIV Human Immunodefficiency Virus
HP Hewlett Packard
HTML HyperText Markup Language
HTTP HyperText Transfer Prorocol
HUMVEE High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle
IBM International Business Machines
Internet INTERconnected computer NETworks
ICBM Inter-Continental Ballistics Missile
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICRC International Committee for the Red Cross
IHOP International House of Pancakes
INRI Iesus Nazarenenus Rex Iudaeorum (Lit. Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews)
IP Internetwork Protocol
IRA Individual Retirement Account
IRA Irish Republican Army
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO International Standards Organization, film-speed designation, formerly ASA
JPEG Joing Photographic Experts Group
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JVC Japan Victor Company
KFOR Kosovo Force
KGB Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti
KIA Killed In Action
KISS Keep It Simple, Stupid
KJV King James Version
KLM Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Lit. Royal Dutch Airline.)
KO Knock-out (TKO being a technical knock-out.)
LAN Local Area Network
LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LDPE Low Density Polyethylene
LED Light-Emitting Diode
lpi (l.p.i.) Lines Per Inch
M&M Mars & Murray
MASER Microwave Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation
MASH Mobile Army Surgical Hospital
MCI Microwave Communications of America
MG Morris & Garash
MIA Missing in Action
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MiG MIkoyan and Gurevich, Soviet military aircraft designers
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MIPS Million of Instructions Per Second
MIRV Multiple Independently-targeted Re-entry Vehicle
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MMX MultiMedia eXtension
MO Modus Operandi
Modem Modulator/Demodulator
MP Military Police
MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group
MSN MicroSoft Network
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
NAC North Atlantic Council
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Nazi NAtional soZIalist
NB Nota Bene (лат. обърни внимание)
NBA National Basketball Association
NBC National Broadcasting Company
NBC Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons
NCC Either Naval Classification Code or Naval Construction Contract (From Star Trek, NCC-1701)
NEC Nippon Electronics Corporation
Necco New England Confectionery COmpany
NFL National Football League
NHL National Hockey League
NIMBY Not In My BackYard
Nitinol NIckel, TItanium, and Naval Ordinance Laboratory
NL Natural Language
NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone
N.N. Nomen nescio (лат. неизвестно лице)
NORAD North American Air Defense Command
NORELCO NORth AmErican PhiLlips COmpany
NOW National Organization of Women
NPR National Public Radio
NSA National Security Administration
OCR Optical Character Recognition
OLE Object Linking and Embedding of objects
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OS Operating System
OSCE Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OTAN Organisation du Traite de l'Atlantique Nord (=NATO)
Pakistan Punjab, Afghan border states, Kashmir, Sind, and BaluchisTAN
Pap George Papanicolaou, inventor of the test
Parsec Parallax second
PBS Public Broadcasting System
PDF Portable Document Format
PDQ Pretty Damned Quick
PfP Partnership for Peace
PIN Personal Identification
pH Pourvoir Hydrogene (Lit. power of hydrogen.)
PnP Plug and Play
P.O. Post Office
PO Private Office
POTS Plain Old Telephone Service (Basic service used by local exchange telephone companies.)
POTUS President of the United States
POW Prisoner of War
PPP Point to Point Protocol
P.S. Post scriptum (лат. след написаното)
PSI Pounds per square inch
PT Patrol Torpedo
PVC PolyVinyl Chloride
PX Post eXchange
Q.E.D. Quod erat demonstrandum (Lit. Which was to be demonstrated.)
QANTAS Queensland And Northern Territory Aerial Service
Radar RAdio Detection And Ranging
RAM Random Access Memory
RCA Radio Corporation of America
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
RFD Rural-Free Delivery
RGB Red+Blue+Green
Rh Rhesus monkey factor
RKO Radio-Keith-Orpheum
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
ROM Read-Only Memory
ROTC Reserve Officers Training Corps
ROY G. BIV Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violent (Rainbow Mnemonic)
RSVP Respondez S'il Vous Plait
S.A. Sine Anno (лат. без година)
Saab Svenska Aeroplan Ab. (Lit. Swedish Airplanes, Inc.)
SAM Surface-to-Air Missile
SAR Search and Rescue
SASE Self-Addressed Stamped Envelope
SCMADS State County Municipal Apprehensive Data System (The computers cops have in their cars that hold information on people.)
SCSI Small Computer Serial Interface
SCTV Second City TeleVision
SCUBA Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus
SDI Stratigic Defence Initiative
SEAL SEa, Air, and Land
SETI Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence
SG Secretary General
SHAZAM от имената Solomon, Hercules, Atlas, Zeus, Achilles и Mercury
SNAFU Situation Normal--All "Fouled" Up
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
S.O.S. Save Our Souls
Soweto SOuthWEst TOwnship
SPF Sun Protection Factor
SRO Standing Room Only
STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
STP Scientifically Treated Petroleum (also, Standard Temperature and Pressure)
SUNOCO SUN Oil COmpany
SWAK Sealed With A Kiss
SWAT Special Weapons And Tactics
TANSTAAFL There ain't no such thing as a free lunch
TARFU Things Are Really "Fouled" Up
TBA To Be Announced
TCP/IP Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDK Tokyo Denki Kogaku
TGIF Thank God It's Friday
TIFF Tag Image File Format
TLA Three Letter Acronym ;)
TNT TriNitroToluene
TNTC Too Numerous To Count
TTFN Ta-ta for now
TTY Teletypewriter
TWAIN Technology Without An Interesting Name
(A computer interface to acquire images through a device such as a scanner.)
UHF Ultra-High Frequency
UN United Nations
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
URL Uniform Resource Locator
VCR Video Cassette Recorder
VHF Very High Frequency
VHS Video Home System
VISTA Volunteers In Service to America, a Great Society agency
VSOP Very Superior Old Pale, a brandy rating
WAC Women's Army Corps
WAN Wide Area Network
WAVES Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service
WC Water Closet
WD-40 Water Displacement, Formula 40
WHO World Health Organisation
WMF Windows MetaFile
WNL Within Normal Limits
WTC World Trade Center
WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get
Y2K Year 2000
YKK Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Zipper Company)
ZIP Zone Improvement Plan
* буквено съкращение на две или повече думи

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e-mail: margaritta@abv.bg
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